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Personal Development & Mutual Understanding

Personal Development and Mutual Understanding (PD&MU) focuses on encouraging each child to become personally, emotionally and socially effective, to lead healthy, safe and fulfilled lives and to become confident, independent and responsible citizens, making informed and responsible choices and decisions throughout their lives.

We deliver PDMU through the PATHS programme. 


The PATHS® Programme for Schools is for educators and counselors and is designed to facilitate the development of self-control, emotional awareness and interpersonal problem-solving skills.


What Educational Objectives does the PATHS® Curriculum Fill?


An effective social-cognitive programme is important because children often show difficulties in social problem-solving, self-control, affective understanding and self-esteem. The PATHS® Programme for Schools (UK Version) provides teachers and educators with a systematic developmental procedure for enhancing social competence and understanding in children. It addresses the following goals:

Increased self-control, i.e., the ability to stop and think before acting when upset or confronted with a conflict situation. Lessons in this area also teach identification of problem situations through recognition of “upset” feelings.

  1. Attributional processes that lead to an appropriate sense of self-responsibility.
  2. Increased understanding and use of the vocabulary of logical reasoning and problem-solving, e.g., “if…then” and “why…because.”
  3. Increased understanding and use of the vocabulary of emotions and emotional states; e.g., excited, disappointed, confused, guilty, etc. Increased use of verbal mediation.
  4. Increased ability to recognise and interpret similarities and differences in the feelings, reactions and points of view of self and others.
  5. Increased understanding of how one’s behaviour affects others.
  6. Increased knowledge of, and skill in, the steps of social problem-solving: stopping and thinking; identifying problems and feelings; setting goals; generating alternative solutions; anticipating and evaluating consequences; planning, executing and evaluating a course of action; trying again if the first solution fails.
  7. Increased ability to apply social problem-solving skills to prevent and/or resolve problems and conflicts in social interactions.